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Murray Island, Queensland

Murray Island, additionally called Mer in the native Meriam language, is a small island of volcanic origin, essentially the most easterly inhabited island of the Torres Strait Islands archipelago, simply north of the great Stone Barrier Reef. The island is populated by the Melanesian Meriam individuals, which has a inhabitants of around 485 as of 2006 census. The Murray Group comprises three islands: Mer, Dauar and Waier.

Stone Island Hat Military GreenThere are eight Meriam clans: Komet, Zagareb, Meuram, Magaram, Geuram, Peibre, Meriam-Samsep, Piadram, and Dauer Meriam. The organisation of the island is based on the traditional laws of boundary and possession. Administrative control of the island relaxation with the Torres Strait Regional Authority.

1 Geography
2 Historical past 2.1 Pre-European settlement
2.2 Put up European settlement (1872) 2.2.1 Culture

Geography[edit]
Murray Island, positioned in the jap section of Torres Strait, is a basaltic island formed from an extinct volcano, which was final active over 1,000,000 years in the past. It formed as a result when the Indo-Australian Plate slid over the East Australia hotspot. The island rises to a plateau 80 metres (260 ft) above imply sea stage.

The best point of the island is the 230-metre (750 ft) Gelam Paser, the western finish of the volcano crater. The island has pink fertile soil and is coated in dense vegetation. The island has a tropical climate with a wet and dry season.

Pre-European settlement[edit]
Murray Island has been inhabited for around 2800 years, the first settlers being Papuo-Austronesians who introduced agriculture and pot making with them. Regular contact between the inhabitants of Torres Strait (together with Murray Island, known by the Meriam individuals as Mer Island), Europeans, Asians and other outsiders began once the Torres Strait grew to become a technique of passage between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean within the nineteenth Century.

The inhabitants of the Torres Strait, including the Meriam people, gained a reputation as fierce warriors and expert mariners. Warfare (each intertribal and towards European ships in transit by means of the Coral Sea) and head searching had been a part of the culture of all Torres Strait islanders. The account of Jack Ireland, a surviving cabin boy from the barque Charles Eaton that was wrecked in 1834 at Detached Reef close to the entrance to Torres Strait is of curiosity in this respect. He spent a lot of his time on Murray Island before being rescued.

A large ceremonial mask was recovered in 1836 from a neighbouring island – Aureed (Skull) Island, following his rescue and that of young William D’Oyley, the one different survivor of the Charles Eaton, and their return to Sydney. The mask was product of turtle shells surrounded by quite a few skulls, seventeen of which were determined as having belonged to the crew and passengers of the Charles Eaton who had been massacred when stone island heat reactive jacket they got here ashore following the shipwreck. The mask was entered into the collection of the Australian Museum after the skulls were buried on 17 November 1836 in a mass grave within the Sydney cemetery in Devonshire Road. An applicable monument – in the form of a huge altar stone – recording the catastrophe by which they perished was erected. When the Devonshire Street Cemetery was resumed for the site of the Central Railway Station in 1904 the skulls and the monument had been eliminated to Bunnerong Cemetery at Botany Bay Sydney.[1]

Post European settlement (1872)[edit]
Missionaries (mainly Polynesian) and some other Polynesians started to settle on the island in 1872 when the London Missionary Society based a missionary school there.[2] The Queensland Authorities annexed the islands in 1879. Tom Roberts, the well-identified Australian painter, visited the island in 1892.[Three] He witnessed a night-time dance and depicted it in stone island heat reactive jacket a painting.

In 1936, a maritime strike fuelled by Islander dissatisfaction with the truth that their wages and boats had been managed by the Protector of Aborigines allowed islanders to assert control and reject government controls. In 1937, the inaugural meeting of Island Councillors on Yorke Island resulted within the Torres Strait Islander Act (1939), giving Islanders more authority in their own affairs and established local governments on each island.

After the outbreak of the Pacific War in 1941, over seven hundred Islanders volunteered to defend the Torres Strait. This group was organised into the Torres Strait Gentle Infantry Battalion. The migration of Islanders to mainland Australia elevated as jobs disappeared within the pearling industry. A call for independence from Australia in the 1980s was attributable to the government failing to provide basic infrastructure on the island.

Murray Island’s most famous resident was commerce unionist Eddie Mabo, whose determination to sue the Queensland Government to safe ownership of his land, which had been removed from his ancestors by the British colonial powers utilizing the terra nullius authorized concept, finally led to the Excessive Court of Australia, on appeal from the Supreme Courtroom of the State of Queensland, difficulty the “Mabo decision” to lastly recognise Mabo’s rights on his land on 3 June 1992. This determination continues to have ramifications for Australia. Mabo himself died a few months before the decision. After vandalism to his grave site, he was reburied on Murray Island the place the islanders carried out a traditional ceremony for the burial of a king.[4]

Tradition[edit]
The people of Mer maintain their conventional culture. Fashionable influences equivalent to client goods, television, journey and radio are having an impact on traditional practices and culture. Regardless of this, tune and dance remains an integral part of island life and is demonstrated via celebrations akin to Mabo Day, Coming of the light, Tombstone openings and other cultural occasions. In 2007, after two years of negotiations, the skulls of 5 Islander tribesmen were returned to Australia from a Glasgow museum where they had been archived for more than 100 years.[5]

The artist Ricardo Idagi was born on Murray Island.[6] Idagi won the main prize at the Western Australian Indigenous Art Awards in 2009.

Language[edit]
The folks of Murray Island communicate Torres Strait Creole and Meriam, a member of the Japanese Trans-Fly languages of Trans-New Guinea; its sister languages being Bini, Wipi and Gizrra. Though it’s unrelated to Kalaw Lagaw Ya of the Central and Western Islands of Torres Strait, the 2 languages share round 40% of their vocabulary. Torres Strait English is a second language.

Governance[edit]
Murray Island is governed by the Group Council, which is responsible for roads, water, housing and group events. The Group Council is an integral part of group life. The elders of the neighborhood hold a position of respect and also have a significant influence on island life.

See also[edit]
Queensland portal
Islands portal

List of Torres Strait Islands
Checklist of volcanoes in Australia
Murray Island Airport
^ McInnes, Allan (1983). The Wreck Of The Charles Eaton. Windsor: Diamond Press. p. 45.
^ “Torres Strait Island communities I-M”. State Library of Queensland. 11 May 2011. Retrieved four July 2011.
^ Bousen, Mark (6 March 2010). “118-12 months-outdated Murray Island art found”. Torres Information. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
^ “Queenslander”. News Restricted. 13 June 2009. Retrieved four July 2011.
^ “Mer Islanders reclaim sacred skulls”. Torres News. Three July 2007. Retrieved four July 2011.
^ Rothwell, Nicolas (1 October 2009). “Carved out of ancestral whispers”. The Australian. News Restricted. Retrieved four July 2011.