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March 30, 2017
Widespread Terms Defined
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to explain their products. The terms are not all the time constant and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Green Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A regular spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or forty/1. The upper number means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts product of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts made from 20s. The phrases are used many ways, however it is the number that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads may be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted collectively, it would be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made artificial material, most consultants agree it’s readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extraordinarily gentle and has excellent drape.
Bamboo: Fast rising plant, classified as a grass, which may be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A course of that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really vast neckline that runs across the collarbone space to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the broad neck enabled fast elimination if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s trend reply to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, though it may be any colour.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a very comfortable, easy finish.
Burn-Out: A process that uses sulfuric acid or other sturdy acid to “burn-out” elements of a fabric knit, often a polyester/cotton mix. The process provides a see-by, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Often refers to shorter sleeves on ladies’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “greenhouse” fuel because of its relationship with global warming. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers at the moment are measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Unbiased organization based in 2001 in Great Britain that monitors carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust works with corporations to assist reduce their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A number of t-shirt companies now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning process that eliminates short fibers and removes dirt and international matter. Carding can be finished by hand or by massive machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton will not be as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: One other name for enzyme wash. This gives fabric a gentle really feel and a vintage look, relying on how the wash is completed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell walls of sure plants. Helpful in making sure kinds of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is actually rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and have poor drapability. Used often as low-cost promotional give-aways.
Local weather Impartial: A term used to explain a company, process, or product that has zero affect on the Earth’s local weather. A number of t-shirt manufacturers promote their company as local weather neutral.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “greenhouse” gasoline because of its relationship with global warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand multiple washings without shedding its coloration.
Combed Cotton: A method to remove quick fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a smooth, superb cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high power, glorious uniformity, and better hand. Combed cotton costs extra and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A process that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to cut back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a unique colour than the garment. Provides a nice design element in t-shirts.
Management Union: An international organization that provides certification companies for quite a lot of packages–together with many organic certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, in addition to GOTS (Global Organic Textile Normal).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a more textured however uniform back. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are made of cotton jersey. High quality cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the preferred on the earth for fabrics. Cotton fibers are normally ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties resembling Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are more highly valued than abnormal varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a short physique to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. Such a stitching offers durability and a cleaner, extra finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has wonderful drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has little or no. T-shirts that have good drape qualities really feel nicer to wear.
Drop Tail: A garment that features an extended again than entrance.
Eco-Friendly: Extremely unfastened term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Virtually ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period utilized by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its long size of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to help individuals who endure most from environmental abuses resembling pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing special enzymes to provide a soft end and clean look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically less harsh on the fabric compared to stone washing.
European Minimize: A style of t-shirt that is narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full lower men’s t-shirt, measurement massive, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A men’s large European cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally extra.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being cut and sewn into a completed piece of clothes.
Honest Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit group dedicated to ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly essential in the apparel enterprise where working conditions have traditionally been so poor.
Truthful Put on Basis: A world group dedicated to enhancing garment workers’ lives all over the world. Works with firms that produce clothes and other sewn merchandise and that take duty for their supply chain.
Superb Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. Advantageous cotton jersey is usually smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with superb cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than regular t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Reduce: Definitions fluctuate, however generally a fitted cut refers to a cut that flatters the body. Used typically in women’s t-shirts, the center part of the shirt can be tighter than the top or backside. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full minimize.
Full Cut: A generous, roomy cut. In t-shirts, tubular types are generally thought of full-minimize, however there are exceptions. Full Minimize differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been cut and sewn into a completed article of clothing.
Garment Washed: A process the place finished articles of clothes are washed, often with added softeners to enhance the texture and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the nineties when shoppers became nervous about genetically modified food. Many companies now apply the GMO free label on every part from meals to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for Global Natural Textile Normal. A challenge of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed standards to ensure organic standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to provide a credible assurance to the top consumer. An organic t-shirt that meets the requirements might be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic time period utilized by advertising and marketing gurus to promote products. Another favourite time period of “inexperienced-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none real dedication.
Green-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Companies that inexperienced-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to attract extra business, however have not taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The way in which a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels smooth and smooth is taken into account to have a very good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for hundreds of years, principally as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it appropriate for finer clothes, and now it’s used in many clothing articles, including t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its strength and durability.
Henley T-Shirt: Much like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt featuring 2 or three buttons (typically up to 5 buttons are used, but that is unusual). A Henley might be both brief or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A method of stone washing where the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This method produces a frosted look to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that could be very delicate and has a very good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very positive garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has high quality vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island in the English Channel. Positive cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with tremendous cotton threads reminiscent of 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric were made. There are many varieties of knits. Jersey Knit is often present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have heavy ribs working down the fabric, while interlock knits are utilized in very tremendous fabrics. T-shirt collars are normally rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless type t-shirt, however not precisely a tank prime. Fundamental t-shirt, just without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an atypical tank prime.
Neck Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek one hundred: Certification from the International Oeko-Tex® Association, which assures shoppers that the apparel they buy is chemical free and poses no risk to their well being. Beneath the Oeko-Tex normal, clothes should be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.
Organic Apparel: A time period very loosely applied in the garment trade. It may possibly imply anything from one hundred% natural to as little as 6% natural. Usually combined with terms like Eco-Friendly, Inexperienced, and so forth. Customers should examine the labels and verify the supplies used to see if something is actually natural or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown without using pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it actually is organic.
Organic Soil Association: Based in 1946 by a group of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved about the connection between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Natural Soil Association pioneered the first natural requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and businesses that meet those standards.
Overdyed: A process where previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an extra shade to create a novel look.
Performance T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside lovers. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor management capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or will also be a hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking properties, have change into referred to as performance t-shirts, although they don’t dry as fast as efficiency t-shirts product of a hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Bought this method to t-shirt customizers who need to create their own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed in the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used often in high quality males’s and ladies’s shirts. The identify Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the first crops of the new cotton as it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A way of knitting that creates a waffle-kind, fine textured surface. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used widely in apparel, particularly combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: stone island giacca uomo Refers back to the technique of pre-shrinking fabric before it is lower and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an actual finished garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks much less once the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nonetheless, especially if dried using a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-shirt featuring sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting color from the body. Raglan sleeves are wider underneath the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who need maximum freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts normally feature a raglan sleeve type.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its most important ingredient. Rayon is very smooth, has wonderful drape, and could be very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are often labeled as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you realize the width of the rib compared to the house between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the house between every rib is the same width as the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as broad because the areas in between. Rib knit could be very stretchy and is commonly used for stone island giacca uomo t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The steady spinning ends in a softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in various colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to using sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: One other time period for silicone washed, which produces a very clean and soft end to fabric, and also gives the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Huge, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. Just a little stretchier than superb jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the quantity it may be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however 4-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be expected.
Side Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at each side underneath the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Side seamed t-shirts are costlier to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really easy and delicate end to fabric, and likewise gives the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: another time period for a males’s tank prime.
Slim Lower: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For example, a full cut males’s t-shirt, dimension large, usually runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A slim reduce will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally more.
Stonewashed: A washing process that makes use of lava rocks or sometimes silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes fabric softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Typically bleach is used on this process.
Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The title got here from the early term for swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “tape,” but a thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam working across the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears higher than an exposed stitch.
Tubular Style:A style that has no facet seams; the physique of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to manufacture, and make up the bulk of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however usually talking a unisex t-shirt is made from lighter weight, superb cotton jersey, facet seamed, and not minimize as full as a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves usually are not additional quick, like cap sleeves, but should not full elbow lengths both. The body size is normally medium/lengthy. However, there are broad variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that turned unbiased in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton production strategies, which embrace compelled baby labor and environmentally destructive practices. Moral apparel companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nonetheless, many firms don’t care and have refused to hitch within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is low cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle style of neckline. Might be deep or shallow, relying on the type. Normally favored by girls, but a shallow type v-neck is standard among males.
Viscose: Usually another name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Normally expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric means that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Wife Beater: Derogatory term for a men’s tank prime t-shirt. Often refers to a basic white tank top.