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January 20, 2017
The Country, Islands, And The Philippine People
The Philippines is a country in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has one in all the largest populations on the planet. The country is an archipelago of a large group of islands surrounded by crystal clear water and beautiful and distinctive coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the biggest is Luzon, at 105 square kilometres and simply over fifty percent of the islands in the country have names, and only 350 islands are greater than 2 and a half kilometres square. The tallest mountain range might be found on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the highest of the mountain reaches over 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be found on the second largest island in the country Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like many different mountains in the nation Mount Apo is an active volcano. Luzon can be the location of the capital of Manila the most important and most essential Philippine city. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for lots of of years Manila bay has been the nation’s coronary heart of delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the center part of the Philippine islands. The largest islands in the Visayas include Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay; Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the country and the second largest island in the Philippines the island measures 94,seven-hundred sq. kilometres.
The Philippine islands were formed by volcanoes and are part of a mountain chain that is usually underneath water. The inside of most of the islands have many rugged mountains with dense rain forest and due to the frequent rain fall there are various rivers streams and waterfalls that regularly surge down the mountain sides. Because of the dense mountain rainforest and frequent rain fall the Philippines is endowed with spectacular sceneries inside the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls magnificent caves and rock formations. Sadly plenty of the rain forest is disappearing before the Spanish arrived within the 1500 over ninety p.c of the Philippine islands have been lined in rain forest. Thus far the country has lost close to at least one-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been used and cut down for its timber and to clear land for farms and houses.
With over 7000 islands the nation has a coast line greater than 36,300 kilometres in size. The beaches and coastline varies throughout the country are very sandy in places similar to Boracay which is famous for its beautiful picturesque tropical white sand beaches. With tropical plants and palm trees growing on these magnificent beaches. On some island coast traces are very rocky in place and in some locations one can find grey white sand beaches and enormous inland rivers that border with mangrove timber and swamps.
The rivers and lakes
Filipinos depend on contemporary water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and private day-to-day dwelling requirements akin to drinking and washing. Pasig River is one of the largest rivers within the nation and flows via the capital of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows via the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.
Because the nation is sitting on the pacific ring of hearth means the Philippines have lots of lively Volcanoes. One of the crucial well-known volcanic eruptions happen in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for a lot of tons of of years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted greater than a thousand individuals killed or injured and left hundreds of individuals homeless. The explosion created a huge ash cloud that lined greater than 125 thousand square kilometres blanketing the area in ash rock and darkness. One of the crucial active volcanoes within the Philippines is Mayo, also known as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight instances in the past four hundred years. Mount Mayo situated on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a nationwide park in the year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a wonderfully formed cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Last main eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed 3 towns and covered another two with volcanic ash and scorching larva about 1600 folks died on account of this eruption.
The Philippine People
For hundreds of years many differing kinds people and nations have been part of the Philippines the result is a rustic and people with a novel mix of many cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age people settled within the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the country was later joined by the Negritos that got here throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by guests from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the first European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his males were killed throughout the battle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain established a permanent settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565
Family religion and education are essential in Filipino culture.
Weather living in town or the nation or on an remoted island family, religion and education are very highly valued by nearly every one Filipinos have many positive values equivalent to respect for authority and a high regard for the dignity of all the individuals.
Most Filipinos hold sturdy religious beliefs they repeatedly take part in religious ceremonies have a good time holy days with massive festivals. The Spanish the place very successful in converting the Filipino to Christianity making the Philippine the one Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the inhabitants, 5 % of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslim’s the most important no Christian group in the nation. Most early Filipinos were animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits often called anitos they believed theses sprits lived within the mountains within the Bushes Rivers and fields. Many Filipinos imagine in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief performs an important part within the each day life of most Filipinos.The Philippine individuals worship Christ mom Mary and other holy folks called saints many Filipinos decorate their houses trics jeepneys boats schools of pictures of Christ and mom Mary.
Nearby islands and china introduced Islam to the Philippines in the present day there are a number of million Filipinos that comply with the religion of Islam. Some Filipinos practice Taoism which is a religious perception that originated in china the biggest Taoist temple within the Philippines is in Cebu.
The Filipino family
The Filipino family the essential items of the Philippine social group which includes the father the mother and kids the bilateral extended household which contains all family of the Father and Mom. Of special importance the bond and unity formed by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their family as a source of strength and protection. It’s not unusual for unmarried daughters and sons to live at house with their dad and mom, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The family are very shut and if someone wants help others chip in and do what they’ll to assist the family member in want. The father-husband is the top of the household and is usually unconditionally obeyed by his wife and youngsters. The father function and obligation is to meet the financial needs of the family. The Filipino father is the main source of self-discipline in the household and sometimes uses corporal punishment on both sons and daughters though corporal punishment used on youngsters within the Philippines is now slowly getting used less and less because of the Philippine society teaching and enforcing new values on raising youngsters. The children a variety of Filipino mothers pamper their children these has the effect of prolonging the childhood of the children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood obligations and expectations are kept under the kid’s potential this care and affection lavished upon the children creates a feeling of belonging and safety. Because of this the children will always contribute to dad or mum’s financial help and emotional support and protection. The traditional Filipino spouse and mother take care of all the details to ensure the household functions as a living and loving organised family unit. The mom is accountable for the house and all the small print pertaining to the children reminiscent of cooking the family meal seeing the children are clothed and ready for college the paying of wage to the maids (ya -ya) and all different household bills. Strange as it could seem ladies share equal place with man in Philippine society woman participation in professional work and politics is fully accepted this equality can be traced again to historic Malayan tradition.
Education Filipino kids attend six years of elementary school and 4 years of highschool. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys most important official languages. Greater than 90% of all elementary attend government faculties. From June till March Filipino children spend their days at school classes start round eight in the morning in the cities like Manila and sometimes round 7 am in the rural areas before classes begin the youngsters salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a really excessive literacy fee which most individuals in the nation can learn and write sadly due to the high unemployment rate and the minimal mens stone island beanie wage paid to decrease class workers resembling farmers and labours some youngsters have to drop out of school to work and help to support their families and a few children attend schools that would not have enough school supplies and tools akin to textbooks desks and chairs and computers.
The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 different major dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino life. English was introduced so totally different folks living in different components of the Philippines could perceive each other. The American declared English the country official language during the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine government determined to exchange English with a language known as Filipino also referred to as Tagalog the most widely spoken Philippine language particularly all through a few of the key cities. Today Filipino and English are the nation official languages. In different parts of the Philippines a while s you will Filipinos that can speak anyplace as much as 4 languages and some instances more particularly the individuals who have traveled and lived in different components of the nation. For example theses Filipinos can speak the language from the area they grew up in and lived in as a baby they can also converse English and Tagalog and sometimes another language that’s native to where they dwell as an adult or learnt as a toddler. For instance English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a single Filipino can converse.
The folks conventional dwelling
Half of the Philippine population dwell in the nation near mountains forest on small islands or on the plains there are a lot of kinds of traditional properties Bahay kubo is a conventional rural home a while known as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are made from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and drained all the way down to timber or bamboo to type the roof. Different folks in the country side live in wooden house and other cheap timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The extra wealthy country Filipino reside in a larger fancy modern house and houses are made from cement bricks and cement.On lots of Small Island and nation areas the home has one fundamental room with a number of pieces of furniture and mats on the ground the place the family sleeps.The kitchen is normally in one other room with a wooden burning stove and generally a small gas stove depending on how isolated the household is from the closest town. In the bigger nation towns most of the native houses have electricity and some of them even have indoor plumbing however theses conveniences are rare in small villages although now increasingly more Small Islands and villages are receiving electricity but there remains to be a whole lot of villages that don’t. The Philippine people who reside in an space that does not have electricity or indoor plumbing collect water from a neighborhood effectively and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the night
The individuals’s transportation
The first individuals who migrated to the Philippine islands used barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the best means of transportation of good and merchandise from island to a different people also rely on these ships as ferries because the cost of a aircraft ticket are very costly for the low revenue families. Banca a slender wooden boat with an out boat motor attached to the back. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from each sides of the boats that operate like platoons preventing the boat from tipping over or capsizing. Early Filipinos used these small boats to trade and get supplies from neighboring islands.The bigger banca boats are mainly used as people ferries and large commercial fishing boats.The smaller banca boats are used for smaller journeys in calmer water. A conventional form of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this type of transportation are still popular in some nation towns and provinces especially on the island of Leyte and Samar.
The Philippine jeepney
A Philippine icon king of the highway evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a small bus made from jeeps left behind by the US military. The jeeps the place transformed in to busses painted in vibrant glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and decorated with mirrors multi-colored lights and religious icons. The jeepney smaller brother the stainless steel jeep was made and produced for practical causes fisherman complained that seawater and the atmosphere was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and produced the primary jeep the jeep requires less maintenance as a result of it’s tough and does not rust. The jeep is a perfect Philippine car because they are adapted to the unique Philippine climate especially from the cruel salt air and the unpredictable weather.